Your primary responsibility in submitting assignments is to present your own, original work for assessment. At the same time you are encouraged to use journal articles, books and other references to develop your ideas, and to substantiate your arguments and opinions. Using someone else's idea is not cheating, provided you:

1. Acknowledge the source of that idea as an in-text citation in the body of your assignment and

2. List the full reference in a bibliography or reference list at the end of the assignment.

To do this properly, you need to understand what is meant by quoting and paraphrasing.

Quoting

Quoting is using the exact words of another author. If you make a quotation, your in-text citation should include the page on which the words were found. In the example below, the quote was taken from page fifty four. Short quotations should be enclosed with single (' ') or double quotation marks (" ").

"It is difficult to believe that Australia’s present transportation system will be able to cope with the needs of society in the 21st century" (Lomas 1988, 54).

Long quotations should be indented. Quotation marks are not necessary.

Some of the difficulties in carrying out competitor analysis are described by Hussey (1995):

One of the difficulties of competitor analysis is knowing what information to obtain. The problem often varies between the extremes of having too few data for meaningful analysis and having so much that it becomes difficult to make sense of it (p. 221).

Activity

 What is wrong with this student's method of quoting?

Original text:

Forbidden Planet clearly ranks lower than Prospero's Books among the adaptations of The Tempest. This does not mean, though, that Prospero's Books is unanimously regarded as a suitably canonical adaptation of Shakespeare. Film versions that use Shakespeare in alternative ways have begun to be accepted and even acclaimed only in recent years.

The quote has been taken from Martin, S (2000) Classic Shakespeare for all: Forbidden Planet and Prospero's Books, two screen adaptations of The Tempest, in Whelehan, I. (Ed). Classics in Film & Fiction. London , GBR: Pluto Press. p. 44

Student's text:

As far as screen adaptations of Shakespeare's Tempest are concerned, Forbidden Planet is not as highly regarded as Prospero's Books. However, Martin (2000) contests that this doesn't mean that Prospero's Books is unanimously regarded as a suitably canonical adaptation of Shakespeare. Regardless, acceptance of film adaptations of Shakespeare has grown in recent times.

a. They haven't included the page number and quotation marks.
b. They haven't included the page number.
c. They haven't included quotation marks.
d. Nothing is wrong with this student's method of quoting.

Response:

Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing is writing the ideas of another author in your own words. If you paraphrase another author, you still need to provide an in-text citation. If your words are a summary of the author's work as a whole, then a page number is not needed in the in-text citation.

However, if the idea you summarise is made on a particular page in the original work, then a page number is required.

Original text:

The most often mentioned economic benefits associated with casino gambling are creating new jobs, attracting tourism, increasing business and tax revenues, and decreasing the tax burden on the residents of the community. The less often mentioned economic costs of casino gambling are the costs of crime, compulsive gambling, erosion of the work ethic and traffic congestion. Some of these "social costs" can be measured in dollars - the cost of more police, legal and prison costs of criminal justice, the cost of social services for compulsive gamblers, lost job productivity and the added costs of traffic control - but the damage done to persons and families is not easily quantified.

Oddo, A. R. (1997). The economics and ethics of casino gambling. Review of Business, 18(3), 4-9.

Example of a quotation:

"The less often mentioned economic costs of casino gambling are the costs of crime, compulsive gambling, erosion of the work ethic and traffic congestion" (Oddo 1997, 4).

Example of paraphrasing:

A lesser mentioned economic impact of gambling is the cost of compulsive gambling which includes loss of job productivity and the cost of providing services for compulsive gamblers (Oddo 1997, 4).

Citations and references are discussed in 4.4 Citations and references. For more details, refer to QUT cite|write.

Activity

 Which is an acceptable way of paraphrasing?

Original text:

There is a design methodology called rapid prototyping, which has been used successfully in software engineering. Given similarities between software design and instructional design, we argue that rapid prototyping is a viable method for instructional design, especially for computer-based instruction.

Tripp, S. D., & Bichelmeyer, B. A. (1990). Rapid prototyping: An alternative instructional design strategy. Educational Technology Research and Development, 38(1), 31-44.

a. There is a design methodology called rapid prototyping, which has been used successfully in software engineering (Tripp & Bichelmeyer 1990)
b. There is a design methodology called rapid prototyping, which has been used successfully in software engineering (Tripp & Bichelmeyer 1990, 35)
c. Rapid prototyping is the most advantageous methodology for developing innovative computer-based instruction (Tripp & Bichelmeyer 1990, 35)
d. Rapid prototyping could be an advantageous methodology for developing innovative computer-based instruction (Tripp & Bichelmeyer 1990, 35).

Response:

For further information and assistance with issues of academic integrity, such as plagiarism, check out What is academic integrity? on QUT cite|write.

This is the final module in Study Smart. Assess your knowledge by doing the quiz. Remember, if you need assistance using any of the Library's services, please contact us.