6.5.1 Your responsibility
Your primary responsibility in submitting assignments is to present your own, original work for assessment. At the same time you are encouraged to use journal articles, books and other references to develop your ideas, and to substantiate your arguments and opinions. Using someone else's idea is not cheating, provided you:
1. Acknowledge the source of that idea as an in-text citation in the body of your assignment and
2. List the full reference in a bibliography or reference list at the end of the assignment.
To do this properly, you need to understand what is meant by quoting and paraphrasing.
Quoting is using the exact words of another author. If you make a quotation, your in-text citation should include the page on which the words were found. In the example below, the quote was taken from page fifty four. Short quotations should be enclosed with single (' ') or double quotation marks (" ").
"It is difficult to believe that Australia’s present transportation system will be able to cope with the needs of society in the 21st century" (Lomas 1988, 54).
Long quotations should be indented. Quotation marks are not necessary.
Some of the difficulties in carrying out competitor analysis are described by Hussey
What is wrong with this student's method of quoting?
Paraphrasing is writing the ideas of another author in your own words. If you paraphrase another author, you still need to provide an in-text citation. If your words are a summary of the author's work as a whole, then a page number is not needed in the in-text citation.
However, if the idea you summarise is made on a particular page in the original work, then a page number is required.
The most often mentioned economic benefits associated with casino gambling are creating new jobs, attracting tourism, increasing business and tax revenues, and decreasing the tax burden on the residents of the community. The less often mentioned economic costs of casino gambling are the costs of crime, compulsive gambling, erosion of the work ethic and traffic congestion. Some of these "social costs" can be measured in dollars - the cost of more police, legal and prison costs of criminal justice, the cost of social services for compulsive gamblers, lost job productivity and the added costs of traffic control - but the damage done to persons and families is not easily quantified.
Example of a quotation:
"The less often mentioned economic costs of casino gambling are the costs of crime, compulsive gambling, erosion of the work ethic and traffic congestion" (Oddo 1997, 4).
Example of paraphrasing:
A lesser mentioned economic impact of gambling is the cost of compulsive gambling which includes loss of job productivity and the cost of providing services for compulsive gamblers (Oddo 1997, 4).
Which is an acceptable way of paraphrasing?
For further information and assistance with issues of academic integrity, such as plagiarism, check out What is academic integrity? on QUT cite|write.