Some information sources clearly indicate who is responsible for the work. This may be an individual author, a corporate author, or a sponsoring agency such as an association or organisation. Others give no indication of authorship/responsibility. Without the basic knowledge of the author of a work, it is impossible to determine its authority.

Who is the author?

  • Are they affiliated with a reputable institution or organisation?
  • What are their qualifications and experience?

Most scholarly publications will list the author’s qualifications and affiliated institution or organisation, as shown in 1.7.3 Periodicals.  Books often  contain a biography of the author in the front or back pages.

Any reputable web site will clearly indicate who compiled or produced the information, usually in a link to About us, or About this site.

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Some publications give no indication of authorship or responsibility. If you cannot determine who the author is, or their level of expertise, reconsider the reliability of the resource.