To find sources from a reference, you need to know what type of publications are listed.

Let's look at the readings that have been set:

A book reference

book reference

The parts of the reference that help you understand this is a book are the place of publication and publisher.

An ebook reference

ebook reference

You can tell this is an ebook subscribed to by QUT because the URL includes the QUT Library domain and an ebook database version is listed- this tells you the name of the database platform providing access.

A book chapter reference

chapter reference

The part of the reference that helps you understand this is a book chapter is the word In- this tells you the item is part of a larger source. You can also tell this by the two titles and the two authors (or author and editor). The title of the book is always in italics. You know this is a chapter in a book because both the place of publication and publisher are recorded.

A journal reference: electronic

electronic journal reference

You can tell this is a journal article because the volume and issue are recorded, and because there are two titles. The title of the journal is always in italics. Electronic journals will either list a DOI or a URL.

A Web page reference

web page reference

You can tell this is a web page because the reference contains a URL and the title is not italicised. Web pages used in assignments most often have a corporate author- this is when a group, such as a government department, a company or an organisation, is responsible for authorship.

References are also discussed in 4.5 Citations and references.


Activity indicatorWhat type of reference is this?

Hing, N. (2001). Changing the odds: A study of corporate principles and practices in addressing problem gambling. .Journal of Business Ethics, 33(2), 115-144. Retrieved from


You have now identified the types of references you have been given. How will you find them?